Medium Temperature

Downward-Looking SUMO Source for Gallium and Indium

Downward-Looking SUMO Source for Gallium and Indium

Offers Large-Volume Charge Capacity, Flux Stability and Uniformity

Attain large capacity, excellent flux uniformity, negligible shutter flux transients, and minimal depletion effects with Veeco's Downward-Looking SUMO® Source for MBE. It combines a dual filament source with an asymmetric SUMO crucible featuring a narrow offset orifice and tapered exit cone with hot-lip heating. Result: excellent material quality, low defect counts, and good thickness uniformity. NOTE: This source is not for use with aluminum.

  • Patented design with more than 75 in the field
  • Accommodates molten charge materials in downward-looking ports
  • Excellent flux stability and uniformity
  • PBN crucible construction optimizes material quality

The Veeco Downward-Looking SUMO Source is a dual filament source with an asymmetric SUMO crucible, uniquely designed to accommodate a molten charge in a downward-facing source port. The narrow orifice is offset to contain the melt, while a tapered exit cone provides excellent flux uniformity. This novel crucible shape is available only with Veeco’s patented SUMO technology.

Hot-lip heating in the exit cone region prevents charge recondensation and minimizes Group III-related oval defects. This design and position of the base heater filament is tailored to the non-uniform distribution of charge material in the crucible for optimal flux stability. This source is not for use with aluminum.

Performance and Benefits

Downward-looking source ports enable users to expand the total number of Group III sources available on an MBE system with downward looking source ports. Redundant sources increase the total charge capacity for the most commonly used materials, and allow for rapid switching between different flux settings by using separate sources for each desired flux. The Downward-Looking SUMO Source also offers increased charge capacity for molten source materials in shallow upward-facing ports. For example, a 175g Downward-Looking SUMO Source in the shallow upward-looking port on a GEN III System has a capacity of 425g of gallium while a standard 400g SUMO would have a capacity of 49g in the same port.

The exit cone design assures flux uniformities comparable to those achieved with a system’s original Group III sources. Standard 1% uniformity has been demonstrated across a 2” wafer in a MOD GEN II System.


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